Journal of Urdu Language & Literature https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;"><strong>مقاصد:</strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Aim and Scope</strong></p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; جرنل اف اردو لینگویج اینڈ لٹریچر اردو زبان وادب پر تحقیق و تنقیدی مقالے اور تبصرے شائع کرتی ہے۔یہ اردو زبان و ادب کے محققین، ناقدین، مبصرین،ایم فل اور پی ایچ ڈی سکالرز کو اپنے مقالات اور تحقیقی کاوشوں کو شائع کرنے کا پلیٹ فارم مہیا کرتی ہے۔</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; تحقیقی مقالوں ، رپورٹوں اور تبصروں کے معیار کو یقینی بنانے کے لیے قومی اور بین الاقوامی ممبروں پر مشتمل ایڈیٹورئیل بورڈ ان پر نظر ثانی کرتی ہے۔</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; جرنل کی اشاعت کے خاص مقاصد ذیل ہیں</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">عالمی سطح پر اردو زبان و ادب میں معیاری تحقیق کو فروغ دینا۔ -*</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">قومی و بین الاقوامی اہمیت کے حامل اعلیٰ معیار کے لسانی و ادبی مقالے اور تبصرے شائع کرنا۔ -*</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">قاری کو محققانہ لسانی و ادبی مباحث میں شامل ہونے کے مواقع فراہم کرنا۔ -*</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">ایسا پلیٹ فارم مہیا کرنا کہ جہاں محققین بین الاقوامی اہمیت کے حامل موضوعات پر اپنے تحقیقی کاوشوں کو شائع کرا سکیں۔ -*</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; مختصراً جرنل آف اردو لینگویج اینڈ لٹریچر اعلی معیار کے لسانی وادبی مقالے اور تبصرے شائع کرنے میں دلچسپی رکھتی ہے۔</p> <p style="direction: rtl;"><strong>قارئین:</strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong><strong>Audience</strong></p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;"><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>یونیورسٹی اف چترال جرنل اف اردو لینگویج اینڈ لٹریچر قومی اور بین الاقوامی سطح پر تمام ناقدین، محققین، اردو زبان و ادب کے اساتذہ، طالب علموں، ایم فل اور پی ایچ ڈی سکالرز کو اردو زبان کے مختلف شعبوں پر معیاری تحقیق و تنقید پڑھنے کا موقع فراہم کرتی ہے۔</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;</p> <p class="p-right" style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp;</p> University of Chitral en-US Journal of Urdu Language & Literature 2616-8251 <p style="text-align: right;"><strong>لائسنسنگ اور کاپی رائٹ:</strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong><strong>Licensing and Copyright</strong></p> <p style="text-align: right;"><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>یونیورسٹی اف چترال جرنل اف اردو لینگویج اینڈ لٹریچر ، شعبۂ اردو یونیورسٹی اف چترال کا مجلّہ ہے جو نان کمرشل 4.0بین الاقوامی لائسنس کے تحت، تحقیقی عمومی انتساب (Creation Common Attribution) کے تحت لائسنس یافتہ ہے جو مجلے کی ویب سائٹwww.jull.uoch.edu.pk پر دستیاب ہے۔ اس لائسنس کے تحت کسی کام کو نقل کرنے، دوبارہ تقسیم کرنے،منتقل کرنے اور اصل فراہم کردہ کام اور مواد کو اختیار کرنے کی اجازت حاصل ہے۔ بہ شرط یہ کہ تحقیقی عمومی انتساب لائسنس کے تحت Creative Common Attribution License حوالہ دیا گیا ہو۔</p> اقبال کی اُردو نظموں میں تعلیمات موسیٰ علیہ السلام پر ایک نظر https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/26 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Prophet Moses (PBUH)—a widely discussed character of Urdu literature—has been presented in a new light in Iqbal’s poetry to unveil some new demonisms of his character. He has been the great admirer of the Prophet’s faith, knowledge, preciosity and courage. Iqbal is against tyranny and subjugation and he encourages the Muslim nations to break the chains of enslavement and raise their voices against tyranny and subjugation as the Prophet did. The present article revisits and attempts to offer a detailed analysis of these subjects in the poetry of Iqbal.</em></p> Dr. Anwar ul Haq ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 1 9 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII262018 منشا یاد کے افسانوں میں نسوانی کردار https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/27 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>There are several names in the history of Urdu literarture who wrote about the problems of women in the human society. They expressed the role of women in different sectors of life. Mansha Yaad is one of those writers who highlighted the social role of women in his short stories very well. He criticized the injustice with women in the society. He highlighted the role of women in different social sectors of life. He also wrote about the sacrifices of women for family and society in his short stories. In this research paper, the researchers have shed light on these aspects of womens’ life in the short stories of Mansha Yaad.</em></p> Dr. Sanam Shakir Dr. Muhammad Waseem Anjum ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 10 26 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII272018 ابیاتِ باہوؒ میں تصورِ مرشد https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/28 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Abyat e BahuThe role of spiritual mentor (Murshid) is very much important in the Islamic Tasawwuf. In Sultan Bahu's verses also concept of mentor is found as in other sufi poets. Murshid is a guardian of his followers who are following the path close to Allah. Murshid purifies the feelings of his spiritual students with his teachings and spiritual attention. Nobody can attain the way of love of Allah without murshid. Murshid is a representative of Holy Prophet (SAW).</em></p> Dr. Muhammad Naveed Azhar ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 27 39 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII282018 اردو کی ایک اہم اور نایاب لغت"اخباری لغت معروف بہ کلید اخبار بینی https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/29 <p style="text-align: justify;"><span class="fontstyle0">The task of providing dictionaries for all over the world's languages&nbsp; is prodigious, requiring efficient techniques. The collection of&nbsp; words, their meanings and synonym’s, The idioms and their&nbsp; meaning in specific cultural background, origin of the words and&nbsp; their correct pronunciations is really a great task for the compiler&nbsp; of dictionary in any language. The tradition of compilation of Urdu&nbsp; dictionaries has a prolonged history. From the very beginning,&nbsp; Urdu dictionaries are compiled time by time. “Kaleed e Akhbaar&nbsp; beeni” is one of the historical dictionary of Urdu language. This&nbsp; dictionary was compiled by Zia ud din Barni and was published in&nbsp; 1915. The researcher has shed light on the distinguished features of&nbsp; this dictionary keeping in view the tradition and history of Urdu&nbsp; dictionaries.</span></p> Dr. Badshah Munir Bukhari Mr. Naveed Hasan ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 40 48 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII292018 شہر دانش" اور بے چہرگی کا المیہ" https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/30 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Urdu fiction has passed through many milestones. Our socio-political scenario was transforming after 1960s. New trends and innovations surfaced in story with the changing conditions. A rich blend of tale beauty also emerged with symbolism and abstractionism in it. Expression changed its course from naming and direct speech to suggesting, metophorism and allegoricism. Novel concepts and references came to light on subject level too such as issues regarding man’s sense of insecurity and his identity, fear and mental discontent etc. In this article Hamid Sarosh’s work SHEHR E DANISH has been analysed in the light of these factors.</em></p> Dr. Muhammad Awais Qarni ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 49 58 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII302018 فن گیت نگاری کا تحقیقی و تنقیدی مطالعہ https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/31 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Geet is a genre in Urdu and Hindi which refer to any poem set to Music.This genre of poetry belongs to the soil of sub- continent, and it is not Iranian or Arabic from its origin as compared to other genres of Urdu poetry. In this research paper the researcher has given a detailed description about the art and technical necessities of Urdu Geet. The researcher has also shed light on the cultural and aesthetical importance of Urdu Geet.</em></p> Dr. Wali Muhammad ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 59 59 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII312018 محسن احسان کی غزل میں تہذیبی انحطاط کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/32 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Mohsin Ihsan is a recognized poet of KP. There is a variety of taste in his Urdu Ghazal. He focused on the destructive aspect of the society in his poetry. The shadow of cultural disgrace and collapse of civilization is very sharp and vivid in his Ghazal. He reflects all the causes of cultural degradation positively and skillfully. This article deals with the same scenario.</em></p> Dr. Badshah Ali Dr. Izhar Ullah Izhar ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 70 76 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII322018 ڈاکٹر داؤد رہبرؔ بحیثیت شاعر: ایک تعارف https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/33 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Daud Rahber (1926 - 5 October 2013) was a scholar of comparative religions, Arabic, Persian, Urdu literature and Indian classical music. Rahber is regarded as accomplished essayist, poet, composer, translator, philosopher, contributer to Inter civilization dialogue, musicologist, drummer, singer and guitarist. In 1949, he left Pakistan for Cambridge University where he got his Ph.D. He served as a teacher at reputable Universities in Canada and Turkey. His love for poetry and music can never be subsided. In 1968, he became a member of the faculty of Boston University where he taught comparative religions for 23 years. He retired in 1991 and settled in Florida. In rich tradition of Urdu poetry, Daud Rahber's comprehensive 'kulliyat' and 'Baqiyat' show an amazing breadth of content. His diction includes words from Hindi, Arabic, Persian and Urdu, all assimilated into flawless, rhythmic phrases. He is sensitive to the human conditions and always sees the infinite in the infinitesimal. His poetry is a colourful canvas portraying all around him.</em></p> Mrs. Nosheen Safdar ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 77 105 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII332018 اردو ناول کی تنقید: عصر حاضر کے تناظر میں تنقیدی مطالعہ https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/34 <p style="text-align: justify;"><span class="fontstyle0">Novel is an important kind of Urdu literature.The word novel is of&nbsp; italian language which means,new,or strange.In liiterary language,&nbsp; a novel can be described as: It is long sustaining story where&nbsp; primary focus is human life and issues and related to this life.The&nbsp; novel presents these isssues and incidentsin an embitthed way.The&nbsp; birth of the novel was taken place nearly one and half century&nbsp; ago.During this era where some exceptional creative work was&nbsp; done in novel,there criticism on novel never stood second to&nbsp; anyone.Till the end of ninteen century there was a numbers of&nbsp; books piled up on novel,and is still moving on.The critics onnovel,&nbsp; have discussed the style and the theme of the novel quite&nbsp; successfully.The chain of criticism was started with the critisim on&nbsp; Ahsan Faroqi and still going on.Udru novels is critically and&nbsp; throughly studied then one will find out different temprements and&nbsp; trends among urdu novel crtics.The critics have added in the&nbsp; treasure according to there temprament and ability. The essay with&nbsp; through lights on few books and essays,(published in different&nbsp; journals) on criticism of urdu novels.</span></p> Mrs. Munazzah Mubeen ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 106 122 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII342018 واصف علی واصف ؔ کی غزل میں متصوفانہ افکار کا تجزیہ https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/35 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Wasif Ali Wasif was a teacher, writer, poet and sufi intellectual from Pumjab. He was born in Khushab.He belonged to the new era of Urdu poetry, but his poetry and especially Ghazal is capable of classical not only in its subject theme but in its literary style as well. He gave a new philosophical touch to Urdu Ghazal and introduced new trends in tasawwuf. In this research article the researcher has analyzed mystical thoughts in the Urdu Ghazal of Wasif.</em></p> Mr. Muslim Shah ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 123 127 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII352018 دکنی مثنوی کی ابتدا و ارتقا کا تحقیقی و تنقیدی جائزہ https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/37 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>''</em><em>Masnavi'' is prominent kind of poetry in Persian&nbsp; as well as in urdu.In Urdu literature it gets start from ''Behmani Era'' and the first Masnavi of that era is '' Kadam Rao Padam Rao'' by Fakhar Din Nizami. In ''Adil Shahi'' and ''Qutab Shahi'' period it became the most famous poetic genre. In these periods ''Masnavi'' were written in great number.in this research paper the researcher has discussed dakkani masnavi and its evolution in full detail.</em></p> Mr. Muhammad Ali ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 128 142 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII372018 خاور احمد کی غزلیہ شاعری میں محبت کا تصور :‘‘منظر میرے دریچوں سے’’کے تناظر میں https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/38 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Khawar Ahmad started his poetic career in 1970’s and has published four books based on his poetic works So far. Like many poets, the basic theme of his poetry is ‘love’ and emotions related to it. Khawar’s uniqueness however, is that he discusses new aspects of a commonplace theme like ‘love’. In this article, it has been tried to bring new aspects of love as discussed by Khawar in his first poetic work.</em></p> Mr. Amjad Khan ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 143 154 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII382018 اصلاح نسواں اور تعلیم نسواں میں خواتین مضامین نگار کا کردادار: ایک اجمالی جائزہ https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/39 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>The tradition and history of literary Urdu essays set about from Ali Garh, and Sir Syed stands the first Urdu essays writer. But it is an unforgettable fact that Master Raam did a lot in this genre before Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s work. Be that as it may, after the issuance of Tehzeeb ul Akhlaq in the last decade of the nineteenth century, women started writing essays to help bring about reforms and change the social status of women. In this research paper, the researcher has analyzed the work and contributions of women in the tradition of Urdu essays.</em></p> Mrs. Farzana Iqbal ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 155 162 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII392018 تصوراتِ علامہ اقبال: تشریحات ڈاکٹر جاوید اقبال کی روشنی میں https://jull.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/UOCHJULL/article/view/40 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Dr. Javed Iqbal, beloved son of Allama Iqbal, spent his life endeavors to understand, comprehend and connote the wisdom and philosophy of great Allama Iqbal. Whenever he was cordially invited to attend seminars on Iqbal, he gracefully accepted the invitation and accomplished the task of interpretation of Iqbal's vision. Because in Pakistan, Iqbal has always been studied under the limited perspective of religious dogmas. Whereas Dr. Javed's point of Iqbal and Iqbaliat has always been different to such extent that many other critics of Iqbal would hardly agree with him. Despite his stand alone posture on Iqbal. Dr. Javed always strived hard in his every speech and piece of literature to liberate Iqbal from this closed circle of theology. This is the view point which has been discussed in this article.</em></p> Mr. Firdous Akhtar ##submission.copyrightStatement## University of Chitral 2019-05-04 2019-05-04 1 II 163 173 10.33195/uochjull-v1iII402018